The company, which is in financial trouble, has great potential for investors because it chooses to do this by incurring high-interest costs through investors as it cannot be easily borrowed through banks or derivative financial institutions while in trouble. Even though it sounds strange, the investor buys the company’s debt instead of being a partner of the company or provides financial support to pay the debt. Since this support is provided when the company is in distress, it is called distressed debt investment. for clarification

Distressed debt investments are very common among hedge funds and various institutional investors. People who invest in distressed debt buy the debt of the troubled company and try to make a profit after the company gets rid of this debt. In some cases, even if the company is bankrupt, investors can continue to pay the debt and become the new owner of the troubled company.

Buy Cheap, Sell Expensively

Buy Cheap, Sell Expensively

Depicting the debt as troubled may sound strange because a comparison or definition is needed to use the distressed statement. At this point, when the question of when a debt is assumed to be a distressed debt, the nominal difference between the value of the bond and the money paid for this bond comes into play. In other words, if you have paid 200 USD for a 500 USD bond, you have indeed received a troubled loan.

In this case, if the company goes bankrupt, the investor loses his money, but if the company starts to make a profit after the investor’s debt, the value of the bond increases dramatically and it can earn almost 400% to 500%.

Investors who buy equity shares instead of buying a company’s debt earn lower amounts than investors who invest in distressed companies even though they invest in a good company.

Gaining Control

When investors buy the company’s debt, most of the company’s business becomes a key name. The investor, who takes control of the business, often negotiates with and without a contract. Hedge funds and other funds that invest only in corporate distressed debts sign the contract with the business as the first business after purchasing the debt.

This contract is often arranged in order for the investors who buy the troubled debt to become the priority status in case of liquidation if the company goes bankrupt.

When a company decides to liquidate, the first thing the court does is examine debts and rank priorities. Shareholders and employees who buy distressed debt are the first to collect their debt after liquidation.

Risk management

Unless invested in time deposit accounts or treasury bills, there is always a possibility that the borrower will default. In this respect, investors must determine the possibility of getting their money back. In addition to revealing how risky the debt is, this probability plays an important role in expressing how much income is expected.

Before taking a really troubled loan, experienced investors and hedge funds perform strong risk analyzes using advanced models and test cases and try to determine how much risk they take.

If you are not yet experienced in purchasing troubled corporate debts and cannot test your own models, it will be useful to partner with various funds for your first investment. Experts working in the management of these funds really know their business and aim for your investment to achieve the highest possible return with the lowest possible risk.

Can Anyone Buy Corporate Debt?

Can Anyone Buy Corporate Debt?

Institutional debt purchasing is usually done by the funds because it is not wise to have a person who would like to purchase corporate debt with the money he owns except for a large number of capital holders, or who can put all his savings at this risk.

The funds both share the risk by purchasing more than one loan and have a high volume of capital due to the high number of participants. In this way, depending on the principle of fund return, even if a company cannot pay its debt, the payment of the debt of another company to which the fund invests can provide profit.

Is There Any Method Other Than Borrowing?

You can also lend money to the company to pay its debts rather than borrow directly. For this financial transaction, which has a maturity and interest rate determined and creates a debt relationship accordingly, it is necessary to purchase bonds. Companies often give a higher rate of interest for bonds than deposit accounts or treasury bills.

It is one of the most attractive investment opportunities for investors, but just like the purchase of distressed debts, there is a possibility that money cannot be recovered if the company goes bankrupt. It may change in the order of the priority of the company.